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No 7
Vol. 7 No. 2
2019
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Reza Khan's absolute government emerged after the Qajar period's unrest and chaos, and the problems that plagued the country during the constitutional period and beyond, leading to economic, political, and cultural unrest, Reza Khan As an absolute state, it was supported by various factions in the country to deal with the situation in the country, including intellectuals of the time, parties such as the Modernist Party, publications such as Iranshahr, or even government leaders such as Seyyed Zia. They sought a solution to it and considered the solution only on the efficiency of an absolute government. In this article, using descriptive-analytical method, we seek to examine the coming to power of Reza Khan based on the theory of Springs crisis. In this regard, the question that arises is how can the formation of the absolute government of Reza Khan be explained? The hypothesis that was presented in response to it is also: the formation of the absolute government in Iran during Reza Khan's period is a sudden, accidental or foreign thing. It was not a social thought that understood the crisis in the society of that day, it knew the causes of the crisis, and considering an ideal model, it considered the creation of an absolute modern state as the solution to reach the ideal point and definitive cure. Thus, Reza Khan's absolute government, based on Springen's theory, worked to treat the irregularities of the constitutional era and to create unity and cohesion in the country.
ehsan kazemi - bagher.mokarami@ut.ac.ir - amirmehdi alipoor
Keywords : Springs, Crisis Theory, Absolute Government, Reza Khan, Political System
With the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1978, the American domination of Iran came to an end and a new era in the country's relations with Iran began. Global arrogance and international Zionism have always been hostile to Iran since then. The common denominator of all hegemonic policies has been the transformation of the Islamic Revolution and the overthrow of the Islamic Republic of Iran. In the early years of the victory of the glorious Islamic Revolution, they sought to divide Iran and turn it into a small, regional-free country by fomenting ethnic and religious differences. From the spring of 1980 to September of the same year, they planned the military aggression of Tabas and the Nojeh coup in the form of a direct military attack, which also failed. Since September 1980, with the support of arms, intelligence and financial support from Iraq, this country has been provoked to impose a full-scale military war against Iran. Then, from the early sixties until now, by designing and organizing the strategy of soft war and collapse, they decided to change from within, thus weakening Iran's national power and its geopolitical and geostrategic position and isolating Iran in the international arena. In this strategy, by organizing their cultural, political, psychological and propaganda aggression and purging themselves in the public opinion of the Iranian nation, especially in the young generation, they are attacking the Islamic faith and national and national values ​​in the course of their work and by inducing the inefficiency of the system. They exaggerate the positive achievements of the past.
arsalan ghorbani Sheykhneshin - reza asoudeh
Keywords : Soft warfare, hard warfare, media warfare, global arrogance, psychological warfare
Fighting against the system of domination and arrogance has been and is one of the lofty goals and ideals of the Islamic Revolution. And perhaps the most important enemy of this revolution is this system of domination. Familiarity with the nature of the system of domination and arrogance and its characteristics and how it works, especially from the perspective of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution, who is the flag bearer of the struggle against the system of domination, is one of the obvious necessities of the Islamic Revolution. Therefore, in the present article, the Supreme Leader's view on the system of domination has been examined, citing his statements and writings. From the Supreme Leader's point of view, the system of domination has features such as macro-politics; The enslavement of nations, the imposition of approaches on other nations, the advancement of hegemons, propaganda and exaggeration, the threat and intimidation of nations, the defense of Israel, relies on the world's major economic enterprises, hypocrisy and hypocrisy, and the tools of the world domination system from a leadership perspective. Cultural and propaganda, human rights, science and technology, international organization, economic instruments, military intervention and security tools. The Islamic Republic's stance against the system of domination in the view of the leadership is the discourse of the Islamic system, shouting and exposing against oppression and domination, non-acceptance of the domineering and destructive domination system, production of knowledge and strengthening of faith, preservation of anti-American slogans and constant struggle. From his point of view, the struggle against arrogance and the system of domination is not closed and is even one of the basic works and the foundations of the revolution.
Mohammadreza Dehshiri - amirhosein salamat
Keywords : The Supreme Leader, the system of domination, arrogance, oppression, America, struggle
The foreign policy of Iran and Russia has gone through different ups and downs, challenges, opportunities and events during different periods and has undergone different results in each time period. But what is important in the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran after the victory of the Islamic Revolution is the policy that has neither put Iran under Western domination nor given the Russians a chance to have a new domination in Iran. Iran's principled policy in relation to Russia and the West in the last four decades is to maintain the slogan of neither the East nor the West, which is explicitly mentioned in the Constitution, so the country's independence is the main priority of the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Iran must use Russia's authority to advance its security, military, economic and cultural goals in the region. Therefore, an independent Iran and a powerful Russia, which can have significant cooperation in maintaining its interests by maintaining and expanding its relations, will most importantly cut off the hands of all Western and European countries that have no intention but to profit and benefit from their interests. The present study seeks to answer the question of what principles and foundations have been based on the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the last four decades after the victory of the Islamic Revolution and what achievements and goals has it achieved? The findings of this study show the efforts of both countries to normalize relations and expand and maintain interests and promote Iran's position in the region according to the policies implemented in these decades and most importantly to draw and advance the future at that level of cooperation. It has reached its maximum and both countries can have significant growth in the region in the face of sanctions and have no goal other than securing the region.
masomeh mohammadi
Keywords : Foreign Policy, Islamic Republic of Iran, Islamic Revolution, Russia
With the end of the Second Chiian War, a general effort has been made among various thinkers to understand the development process. In the meantime, governance as a new concept in development literature has attracted attention. Good governance has indicators that can drive economic development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the governance and economic development of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The research hypothesis is that improving governance indicators can have significant effects on promoting development indicators such as higher per capita income, higher life expectancy, higher health and well-being, expansion of information technology in society, favorable public and specialized education- In other words, women have lower fertility rates, lower child mortality rates, lower unemployment rates and increased social welfare. The theoretical model of this research is based on the theory of developmental government and the data and data are collected qualitatively using library and internet resources and analyzed in a descriptive-analytical manner. The results show that the improvement of governance indices independent of geographical location can have significant effects on the promotion of development indices and thus increase social welfare, but it can be inferred from the studies conducted. The type of government ruling Iran, the process of economic development of Iran during the different periods after the revolution, has experienced different conditions and in each period of each of the indicators of governance have been different situation.
Mohammad Jafar Javadi Arjmand - bagher.mokarami@ut.ac.ir - Athareh Naghdinejad
Keywords : Governance, Indicators, Developmental Government, Economic Development

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