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No 8
Vol. 8 No. 2
2019
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In recent years, governance (sovereignty) has become a hot topic among countries, and this is due to the important role that governance plays in determining the health of society. That's why former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan says: "Good governance is probably the most important factor in eradicating poverty and growth. This lack of funding was due to international pressures (such as the World Bank) or to national governments themselves, and since then, many governments have sought to establish a plan for development that is the most important component of governance. In the meantime, the Islamic Republic of Iran, with an economic planning in the form of the 1404 program, has tried to achieve economic progress and, consequently, to establish a desirable government, a government based on the ideas and components considered by the principles and In this article, we are looking for the position of governance and development according to Imam Khomeini (ra) in the view of the Islamic Republic of Iran. .
mohsen dyanat - abouzar Nazarian - mehdi monavari
Keywords : Good governance, Imam Khomeini, accountability, political stability
According to many scholars, the history of Iran is tied to dictatorship and tyranny. In simple terms, tyranny means authoritarianism, and authoritarianism means the political decision-making of the government, headed by the king, based on his will. Reza Shah's rule, which actually began in 1304, was very different from that of his predecessors. Integration, centralism, and sovereignty over the whole country were characteristic of Reza Shah. For Weber, traditional patrimonial domination emerges when traditional domination creates an administrative system and a military force that are merely "personal tools of the ruler." Weber calls patrimonialism supreme. That is, a system in which domination is exercised voluntarily by the ruler. Although the entire first Pahlavi period cannot be called a sultanate, the creation of a modern army and the bureaucracy organized by Reza Shah provided the foundations for the sultanate system in Iran. In this article, the author tries to analyze the characteristics of Reza Shah's government with the characteristics of the theory of patrimonialism (Soltani) using a library method and descriptively.
Alireza Nemati
Keywords : Reza Shah, the first Pahlavi regime, patrimonialism, Soltani, tyranny
The question that we seek to answer in this research is what are the characteristics of evaluating political efficiency based on Islamic texts in the system derived from the idea of ​​Velayat-e-Faqih? In this regard, considering the method of documentary-library research and also by benchmarking the combined theory (with the focus on homework) which is one of the existing theories on measuring the efficiency of governments, we came to the conclusion that efficiency measurement based on Islamic texts shows efficiency Politics depends on intellectual and practical adherence to Islamic teachings, and God is the belief and the central right of the spirit that governs religious policy in Islam and the idea of ​​the government of Velayat-e-Faqih. Therefore, for the agents and executors of the Islamic government, there is no shortage in producing efficient software and moving in the direction of the ruling system based on religious teachings, so that it requires borrowing from foreign ideological foundations. Because the index and measure in the political efficiency of the Islamic state is a function of the degree of belief and practical adherence to divine duties and improving its level of efficiency in responding to the needs of society, so according to the cosmological and epistemological foundations of Islam The prosperity of the world and not the prosperity of the world prevents the happiness of the hereafter and efficiency. As a result, the right management of the world can be in line with the goals of the hereafter.
Keywords : Efficiency, efficiency indicators, Islamic texts, Velayat-e-Faqih system
Yemen is a country with a long history and a special geography in the Arabian Peninsula. It has imposed many wars, conflicts and crises on this country throughout history. Meanwhile, the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Saudi Arabia as two important and key countries in the Middle East region towards Yemen is important. Therefore, this article seeks to answer the main question: "What are the causes and motives of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Saudi Arabia to create a map and influence the developments in Yemen?". Using constructivist theory and the basic concepts of this theory, namely identity and its role and importance in defining national interests and foreign policy behavior, this study proposes this hypothesis, "The two countries, Iran and Saudi Arabia, both because of different identity contexts and because "Pursuing ideological (immaterial) and strategic (security) goals and interests, they want to create a map and direct the developments in Yemen." Therefore, this article seeks to answer the main question and test the hypothesis by using the analytical-explanatory research method and by using the library collection method.
leila morovati - jafar amani khojasteh
Keywords : Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, foreign policy, structuralism and identity
Reza Khan's absolute government emerged after the Qajar period's unrest and chaos, and the problems that plagued the country during the constitutional period and beyond, leading to economic, political, and cultural unrest, Reza Khan As an absolute state, it was supported by various factions in the country to deal with the situation in the country, including intellectuals of the time, parties such as the Modernist Party, publications such as Iranshahr, or even government leaders such as Seyyed Zia. They sought a solution to it and considered the solution only on the efficiency of an absolute government. In this article, using descriptive-analytical method, we seek to examine the coming to power of Reza Khan based on the theory of Springs crisis. In this regard, the question that arises is how can the formation of the absolute government of Reza Khan be explained? The hypothesis that was presented in response to it is also: the formation of the absolute government in Iran during Reza Khan's period is a sudden, accidental or foreign thing. It was not a social thought that understood the crisis in the society of that day, it knew the causes of the crisis, and considering an ideal model, it considered the creation of an absolute modern state as the solution to reach the ideal point and definitive cure. Thus, Reza Khan's absolute government, based on Springen's theory, worked to treat the irregularities of the constitutional era and to create unity and cohesion in the country.
ehsan kazemi - bagher.mokarami@ut.ac.ir - amirmehdi alipoor
Keywords : Springs, Crisis Theory, Absolute Government, Reza Khan, Political System

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