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No 8
Vol. 8 No. 2
2019
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In recent years, governance (sovereignty) has become a hot topic among countries, and this is due to the important role that governance plays in determining the health of society. That's why former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan says: "Good governance is probably the most important factor in eradicating poverty and growth. This lack of funding was due to international pressures (such as the World Bank) or to national governments themselves, and since then, many governments have sought to establish a plan for development that is the most important component of governance. In the meantime, the Islamic Republic of Iran, with an economic planning in the form of the 1404 program, has tried to achieve economic progress and, consequently, to establish a desirable government, a government based on the ideas and components considered by the principles and In this article, we are looking for the position of governance and development according to Imam Khomeini (ra) in the view of the Islamic Republic of Iran. .
mohsen dyanat - abouzar Nazarian - mehdi monavari
Keywords : Good governance, Imam Khomeini, accountability, political stability
Reza Khan's absolute government emerged after the Qajar period's unrest and chaos, and the problems that plagued the country during the constitutional period and beyond, leading to economic, political, and cultural unrest, Reza Khan As an absolute state, it was supported by various factions in the country to deal with the situation in the country, including intellectuals of the time, parties such as the Modernist Party, publications such as Iranshahr, or even government leaders such as Seyyed Zia. They sought a solution to it and considered the solution only on the efficiency of an absolute government. In this article, using descriptive-analytical method, we seek to examine the coming to power of Reza Khan based on the theory of Springs crisis. In this regard, the question that arises is how can the formation of the absolute government of Reza Khan be explained? The hypothesis that was presented in response to it is also: the formation of the absolute government in Iran during Reza Khan's period is a sudden, accidental or foreign thing. It was not a social thought that understood the crisis in the society of that day, it knew the causes of the crisis, and considering an ideal model, it considered the creation of an absolute modern state as the solution to reach the ideal point and definitive cure. Thus, Reza Khan's absolute government, based on Springen's theory, worked to treat the irregularities of the constitutional era and to create unity and cohesion in the country.
ehsan kazemi - bagher.mokarami@ut.ac.ir - amirmehdi alipoor
Keywords : Springs, Crisis Theory, Absolute Government, Reza Khan, Political System
The victory of the Islamic Revolution has led to the formation of various movements and the Islamic Awakening in the region. With the US invasion of Iraq and the fall of Saddam's government, this awakening has become widespread and has had many consequences for the Iranian government. With the onset of the international crisis in Syria, and the emergence of signs of a possible victory for Assad and the Axis of Resistance led by the Islamic Republic, the leaders of the Sunni coalition led by Saudi Arabia feel more afraid of the spread of Shiism in the region and the growth of power. They infiltrated the region in Iran, thus increasing their spiritual and especially material support for the Salafist extremists in the Syrian war. The main question is what is the reason for this ideological competition between Saudi Arabia and Iran in the Syrian crisis? The temporary response is that Saudi Arabia's fear of the victory of the Shiite coalition and the increase in the power and influence of the Islamic Republic, followed by the imbalance of power in the region, has led to the government's rivalry with Iran in the Syrian war. Findings using the theory of neoclassical realism show that the Saudis, by increasing their perception of the possible victory of Iran in the war, and with the aim of controlling its increasing influence and strengthening the Shiite ideology in the region, continued their aggressive behavior of eliminating the Assad government. have taken. The method of data and data collection in this research is based on library method, and the research method is based on descriptive-analytical research method.
Mahdieh Heydari
Keywords : Iran, Syria, Ideological Balance, Middle East, Neoclassical Realism, Saudi Arabia
Since the victory of the Islamic Revolution, Iran's relations with the United States have moved towards tension and non-interaction, which can be seen at various points. Which in some periods has been more intense and in others has provided the ground for interaction, which here should be said how the difference in management patterns in different periods has caused the continuation of conflicts in Iran-US relations. It should be noted that differences in management patterns have led to the spread of conflict in some periods and the reduction of conflict in others. Took. In the next period when Mr. Ahmadinejad was facing Bush and Obama, he abandoned the policy of de-escalation and confronted each other with an aggressive policy. In the next period, with the coming to power of Hassan Rouhani, who was in the same period as Barack Obama, we witnessed the efforts of the two countries to resolve the differences step by step, which eventually ended in Barjam. It has resumed that tensions are on the part of this government and are fueling problems. Therefore, the continuation of conflicts in Iran-US relations has continued, which in some periods, such as Ahmadinejad and George W. Bush, had the most tension, and in the Obama and Rouhani periods, the least conflict.
ghodrat ahmadian - mohamad aboalfathi - hamidreza gheraghi
Keywords : America, Iran, conflict, management model, convergence
ali rezaee - mohammadali rahiminezhad - mohammadali rahiminezhad
Keywords : aa

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